Law Of Attraction

Law of Attraction is New Thought philosophy which basically means that positive or negative things may happen to people depending on whether they focus on positive or negative thoughts. This philosophy considers that people and their thoughts comprise “pure energy.” In addition, it is believed that similar types of energy attract one another.

New Thought movement was based on teachings of Phineas Quimby in early 19th century. During that time, the term “law of attraction” was not used though followers of the movements basically believed in the same principle.

Then, in 1877, “law of attraction” was first published in a book written by Helena Blavatsky. Then, in 19th century, the term became more popular among various authors.

The 20th century was tumultuous moment for law of attraction as people’s interest on the subject grew because of increasing number of published books about it.

In 2006, the topic became popular because of the movie The Secret.

People who wrote about New Though believe that law of attraction constantly operates and leads people to situations that they mostly think about.

In the book The Secret, Rhonda Byrne reiterated that it is not enough that people think of the things that they want to achieve, their thoughts must also be filled with enough emotion to enable manifestation of their desires.

Byrne’s theory emphasizes that positive feeling is only manifested when a person feels that he has abundant things; this feeling, in return, attracts more people’s desired abundance. Thus, people should be able to feel grateful for the things they have no matter how small they are in order to align frequencies of positivity.

EFFECTS OF LAW OF ATTRACTION

Writers of New Thought think that thoughts have direct impact on health. Thus, negative emotions, including worry, fear, and stress will only cause people harm, whereas positive thoughts positively affect their health. This effect of law of attraction is best exemplified by studies that use placebo medicines. People who receive placebos sometimes experience positive effects because they think that they are receiving treatment.

The effect of law attraction is also very remarkable when it comes to prosperity. People who think that they are financially burdened will possibly experience financial hardships in the future. Thus, people should be content with their financial status and be hopeful in order to attract financial luck into their homes.

Law of attraction can be also effective in achieving people’s ambitions. They should just focus on their goal to make it a reality. People should be clear regarding the tiniest details of their dreams. Then, one by one, these details will be realized and before they known, people have already reached their goals.

BASES OF LAW OF ATTRACTION

Law of attraction is based on different philosophical and religious traditions. This philosophy possibly originated from Hermiticism, New England transcendentalism, specific sections of the Bible, and Hinduism.

Some experts also believed that Transcendentalist movement significantly influence New Thought in the United States.

New Thought authors are also known for quoting Bible verses to further clarify the concept of law of attraction.

How To Become A Life Coach

Previously, people associated the word “coach” with someone who works guiding sports teams. However, at present, more people are learning about “life coaches,” which are people who work with various individuals in reaching their goals.

Coaching can provide people with a number of benefits. And life coaches ensure that people achieve their objectives and that they do not stray from their strategies. Life coaches also motivate their clients and help them become more confident.

A number of people may be more adequate as life coaches, especially when they are very concerned with helping people in achieving their goals. Personally, life coaches can apply their resourcefulness and other life coaching skills to make their lives more satisfactory.

In the last decade, more people chosen life coaching as their profession. As estimated by International Coach Federation, 47,500 coaches were estimated to be employed worldwide and a third of them could be found in the US.

Thus, for those who are considering to become life coach themselves, they must first learn about the important qualities that they must possess or develop first:

WILLINGNESS TO HELP

DEEP CARE AND CONCERN FOR OTHERS

HIGH-LEVELS OF SELF-AWARENESS, EMPATHY AND INTUITION

STRONG EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

TRUSTWORTHINESS AND INTEGRITY

SUPERIOR VERBAL AND WRITTEN COMMUNICATION SKILLS

DESIRE FOR PERSONAL GROWTH

ACTIVE LISTENING SKILLS

THE PATH TO BEING A LIFE COACH

Life coaching is not a regulated industry. Thus, there are no clear standards on pursuing such a career. In short, people with enough willingness can become a life coach should they want to.

However, some important things are still considered when pursuing such kind of career. For instance, people may want to undergo training and earn legitimate certificates for life coaching. They can undergo coach training programs from organizations that are accredited by the International Coach Federation.

Though the job may seem simple to some, life coaching does not end in helping people determine their goals and give them the necessary advice to achieve their objectives. This job involves other competencies, such those outlined by the ICF. These competencies are as follows;

ESTABLISHING A FOUNDATION

Complying with ethical guidelines and professional standards

Creating a coaching agreement

CO-CREATION OF RELATIONSHIP

Earning the trust of and being intimate with clients

Coaching presence

EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION

Active listening

Powerful questioning

Communicating directly with client

MODERATING LEARNING AND RESULTS

Raising awareness

Planning necessary actions

Planning and setting up goals

Managing progress and accountability

On the other hand, the journey toward being a life coach can be accomplished through the following procedure.

SEARCH FOR COACH TRAINING PROGRAMS

The website of ICF provides information of some accredited training schools. People may choose an institution based on their interests, language, financial capacities, and mode of learning. However, some programs may be offered in online format only or in-person.

On the other hand, people can also search the internet for training programs that are offered near their area. However, if they are not accredited, the quality of training that they may receive may not be that satisfactory. Moreover, some companies may prefer hiring people who had their training in accredited institutions.

Accredited Coach Training Programs should offer the following;

Coach Skills Training

Competency and Code of Ethics Training

Observation by mentor while coaching clients

Observed-coaching sessions with experienced coach

Comprehensive exam

Credentialed Trainers by the ICF

For non-accredited programs, people should ensure the quality of the training that will be given to them. They should also check whether all the necessary skills needed to succeed in being a life coach will be imbibed in them. As a tip, people should check whether such programs cover the core competencies outlined in their curriculum. Moreover, during the training, they should assess whether they are learning something.

IDENTIFY YOUR SPECIALTY

People who aspire to be life coaches should focus on specialization. Knowing their niche or specialty aids life coaches in attracting more clients and demonstrating their value. Moreover, life coaches can focus more on their clients as they are already familiar with the types of problems or issues that clients may have.

Coaching schools also offer programs for various niches, such as business, small business, marketing, real estate, corporate, management, sales, career transition, school admission, personal relations, divorce, parenting, grief, assertiveness, writing, interview, job search, retirement, and other numerous fields where the work of life coach is valuable.

ALLOT THE NECESSARY FUNDS

Coach training programs are offered at varying prices depending on the school that offer them. People should be careful in choosing a school. Paying higher fees does not mean that they will receive quality training. However, people should also be careful when considering programs that are offered at lower prices.

For those who want to start their own life-coaching business, they must also be financially prepared for legal obligations such as taxes and permits as well as office space and necessary equipment, including computers and phones.

PLAN

Before people can undergo any coach training program, they must be fully aware of their long-term goals. Thus, it is necessary to prepare a plan on how they can succeed in their chosen career. Moreover, there some important things that must accomplished first:

Their target market

Their business plans along with their mission, vision, goals, and revenue streams

Business name

Coaching packages and agreement

Business bank accounts

Office hours

Accounting system

Business website…

How To Find A Life Coach

There are times when people realize that they just fail whenever they try to make some changes with their lives. In other cases, though it seems that nothing is wrong with their lives, some individuals just feel that they do something for a change. In workplaces, some think that they always got overlooked though they think that they are up for promotion.

During these times when people cannot seem to do the right thing, they resort to self-help books but these things usually cannot provide them with the right kind of advice. Though talking with people should help, peers or loved ones cannot really give proper guidance at all ties.

  • HIRING A LIFE COACH

In their darkest days, when failure seems to be looming around, people should consider hiring a life coach. Life coaches can help people in gaining clarity regarding the things that they want to achieve. Life coaches serve as guide and help their clients in reaching their goals and dreams.

To clarify, life coaches are not therapist but people who help people resolve their issues in addition to guiding them toward their goals. Thus, people should realize that they life coaches cannot address their psychological problems.

  • THE JOB OF A LIFE COACH

Life coaches meet with their clients to help them identify their objectives. They ask questions that can help clients in revealing what they want with their lives. During their meetings, life coaches and clients collaborate and together, form a plan and the necessary strategies to that will bring clients close to their goals.

Life coaches also check how their clients are doing from time to time, motivate them, and perform necessary actions when needed.

On the other hand, people should realize that life coaches are not dictators. They just serve as facilitators for their clients’ goals and help people in recognizing their talents and capacities.

  • WHAT HAPPENS DURING COACHING SESSIONS

During initial meetings, clients may be asked by their life coaches to fill in questionnaires which include questions that probe them about the changes that they want make with their lives, their successes, failures, motivations, and their fear.

Sessions may last for 45 minutes to 1 hour. During sessions, life coaches discuss with client his progress and other important things that happened since their last meeting.

From client narrations, life coaches offer ideas and advice that can aid their clients in proceeding with next step in their plan. Life coaches may also ask for additional details that can aid them clients in further clarifying their goals.

  • WHAT CLIENTS SHOULD GIVE IN RETURN

Clients should be able to collaborate with their life coaches and follow any instructions or advice that they give. People should realize that they the goal of life coaches is to keep their clients organized and motivated and encourage them to change habits should the need arise. Meetings are also important, and thus clients should ensure to keep their appointments.

  • LOCAL VS ONLINE COACHING

Though some may think that in-person coaching is more effective, there is no evidence showing that online or coaching over the phone is less so.

Online coaching has several benefits, including the following:

  1. People can select coach from any place in the world.

  2. Multiple coaches may be hired.

  3. People can look for specific coach for their needs

  4. Some clients prefer not talking with coaches in person

  5. Clients may have their sessions while in travel or anywhere

  6. Money is saved as coach and client need not to travel for their meetings

Meanwhile, some people are better off talking with their coaches in person. For those who prefer such type of sessions, they can search local listings for available life coaching services.

  1. SEARCHING FOR THE RIGHT COACH

A number of life coaches offer free initial consultation. During these meetings, people can assess whether a specific life coach is perfect to accommodate their needs.

To find a perfect coach, people can use matching services that provide specific criteria that can aid them in searching for the right candidate.

  1. WORKING WITH A LIFE COACH

Life coaches are always willing to listen to their clients and discuss properly problems that need addressing. Moreover, they help their clients realize the solution to their own problems and encourage them to take the necessary steps.

People should be thoroughly open with their life coaches. Moreover, they should feel safe while discussing their own personal dilemmas.

SPECIALTIES

Life coaches specialize in various areas, including marriage, finances, businesses, and other areas where people find difficulty in achieving their goals. When searching for a life coach, people should consider several things, such as gender, experience, methods, and traits and skills of the life coach.

  1. COST OF HIRING A LIFE COACH

Life coaching costs around $300 per hour. Though the price may vary, people should not use this as sole factor in hiring a life coach. The more important thing is that they get along with their coach and they can confide with them without any worries.…

Being Spiritual

Spirituality and religion are two concepts that people normally used with each other or interchangeably. However, it is possible to separate these two concepts. Some people may be both religious and spiritual, whereas others are spiritual but not religious or the other way around.

When people go to church, it is only natural to think that they spiritual. Sadly, that is not really true. And the same can be applied to those who practice yoga and meditate everyday. And even when a person follows the teachings of a spiritual group, it does not indicate that he is in fact, spiritual.

To avoid causing more confusion, it is better to now clarify the concept of being spiritual.

A spiritual person can be described as someone who loves himself and other people. Such person has compassion for all people, animals, and the planet that we live in and knows that importance of achieving Oneness. A spiritual person is someone who is kind in all aspects.

Thus, though a number of people go to church and pray, they cannot be considered spiritual if they do care about their wellbeing and those of other people. The same goes of yoga practitioners and those who meditate everyday. Belonging to a group and following spiritual teachings only amount to nothing when people still judge themselves and others.

Meanwhile, a number of people do not engage with spiritual practices but are in essence, spiritual. No one should tell these individuals to start caring for others. Naturally spiritual people know when to help and do not judge others nor themselves.

On the other hand, people may be outright religious but are still judgmental and mean to other people. Thus, in such cases, people are apt to think that it is very hard to be both religious and spiritual. Yes, it may be a long shot but a person can still achieve spirituality and religiosity if they practice their religions wholeheartedly.

For example, when people attend spiritual groups, they find numerous people who seem very spiritual on the outside. However, once they are on the streets, they tend to only cause emotional harm to others or exercise unnecessary judgments. Such people had different notion of who God is and thus still need to be enlightened to be more spiritual.

People’s experience with God should never be something that feels like punishment as God only used love in creation of his believers. If people do not welcome love, peace, joy, truth, and kindness into their hearts, then they have not truly found God yet. Meditations are not enough to let God’s love into their heart.

Thus, in order to spiritual, people should learn how to be kind no only to themselves but to other people and creatures living in the planet.…

Keys To Effective Communication

Communication is an integral component of people’s lives. However, there are cases when people mean to say something good, but the words just won’t come out right. As a result, other parties end up hearing things that just disappoint them. Misunderstandings, frustration, and conflicts may result from miscommunication among people.

Fortunately, there is still hope for people who experience trouble in communicating with others. Enhancing communication skills will allow them to connect more effectively with other people and build long-lasting relationships that are full of trust and respect.

In communicating effectively, people can start with the following:

  • Spend time for face-to-face contact

  • Add some humor

  • Disagreement is okay

  • Do not hold your breath

  • Listen before you speak

  • Take a break when stressed

EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION

Effective communication employs effectively sending the intended message and also listening carefully to understand what the other party is saying. Effective communication also requires use of non-verbal skills, engaged listening, stress management, assertive communication, and recognizing and understanding emotions.

With effective communication, individuals can strengthen their connection with others and improve teamwork, decision-making and problem-solving skills among people.

BARRIERS TO EFFECTIVE INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION

  • STRESS AND UNMANAGED EMOTIONS

When stressed out or feeling too much emotions, people tend to misunderstand others or send confusing non-verbal signals. Thus, people should learn to relax before conversing with others.

  • LACK OF FOCUS

Doing multiple things simultaneously results in ineffective communication. In such case, a person may miss non-verbal signals during a conversation.

  • INCONSISTENT BODY LANGUAGE

Sometimes, nonverbal signals contradict what people are trying to communicate.

  • NEGATIVE BODY LANGUAGE

People tend to use body language when showing their disagreement with what others are saying. However, though there’s nothing wrong with disagreeing, people should avoid using negative signals to show their disapproval.

KEY SKILL TO IMPROVING COMMUNICATION

  • BE AN ENGAGED LISTENER

Listening is very important in effective communication. This skill indicates being able to understand the information being sent and comprehending the speaker’s emotions. In addition, people should realize that listening and hearing are two different things. People can sense something more when they truly listen. Engaged listening allows them to better understand others and build stronger relationships.

To become engaged listeners, people should first start focusing on the speaker. They should take note of the tone of voice and nonverbal cues that will aid them to fully comprehend another person’s message.

Next, it will be better if people listen with their right ear, as the left brain include primary processing centers for speech comprehension and emotions.

  • TAKE NOTE OF NONVERBAL SIGNALS

Nonverbal signals comprise facial expressions, gestures, eye contact, posture, voice tone, and muscle tension and breathing. Understanding nonverbal communication aids in successfully connection with others and relaying messages effectively no matter what the situation is.

Effective communication can be enhanced using open body language, which includes uncrossing of arms, standing with open stance, sitting on edge of seats, and maintaining eye contact.

Nonverbal communication can be improved by realizing individual differences based on age, culture, age, religion, and emotions and considering communications signals as a group. Meanwhile, delivery of nonverbal communication is improved by using nonverbal cues that match what people say, modifying nonverbal signals based on the context of relayed message, and using body language to convey positive feelings.

  • MIND YOUR STRESS LEVELS

People should check their emotions while communicating with others. Thus, it is important that they learn how to manage their stress. Overwhelming stress can cause people to misunderstand related messages or send confusing nonverbal signals.

Being calm during conversation prevents people from doing things that they may regret later on. Moreover, this state proves to be important in various situations, such as job interviews, business presentations, or high-pressure meetings.

On the other hand, people can stay calm under pressure through various ways, which include the following: use stalling tactics, taking a break and gathering one’s thoughts, present a point and support it with information to engage listener’s attention, say the words clearly and accompany them with even tone of voice and proper eye contact, and summarize the message before stopping.

Meanwhile, stress during communication can be relieved by the following:

  1. RECOGNIZING STATE OF STRESS

People can realize that they are in state of stress through their bodies. During stressful moments, they are bound to feel certain discomfort and discrepancies in body processes.

  1. CALM DOWN

People should allow some time for themselves to breathe before proceeding or discontinuing their conversation.

  1. MANAGE STRESS THROUGH THE SENSES

Stress can be managed by taking deep breaths, clenching and relaxing muscles, and thinking about happy thoughts. On the other hand, people can relieve their stress by using their senses to search for things that can soothe them.

  1. ADD SOME HUMOR TO SITUATIONS

Humor is greatly helps in relieving stressful situations and to lighten the mood of people conversing.

  1. COMPROMISE

Both parties will become less stressed if they find a common ground amidst disagreements in their conversation.

  1. AGREE TO DISAGREE

Disagreements normally arise from conversations, and people should realize that it’s okay. However, to overcome disagreements, they must take a quick break to relax themselves before resuming conversation with another person.

  • SELF ASSERTION

In self-assertion, people should focus on their thoughts, emotions, and needs and still consider their wants and those of others. They should realize that their goal should be to understand the other party and not to win an argument.

Assertiveness can be improved by valuing one’s opinions and choices, recognizing one’s needs and wants, expressing negative thoughts positively, receiving feedback positively, and learning to say “no.”

People can also employ assertive communication techniques, including the following:

  1. In emphatic assertion, people convey their sensitivity to others. This technique also employs recognizing other people’s emotional state and presenting one’s needs and opinions.

  2. In escalating assertion, people become firmer with time and learn to predict consequence when their needs are not met.

  3. Practice assertiveness aids lowering risk situations and also allows for people to develop their confidence.

4 Common Communication Styles

Communication style refers to specific manner of communication utilized by people. Each style has its own advantages and disadvantages. Over the past years, studies were able to identify four fundamental communication styles: analytical, intuitive, functional, and personal.

Among these communication styles, none is better than the others. However, it is important that a specific style is appropriately used for specific set of audiences. Otherwise, problems may arise during communication. Thus, people should learn about the different communication styles and their differences and use the appropriate ones in various types of audiences.

One remarkable difference among communication styles is the degree to which emotions and information are presented. In addition, linear or freeform manner of communication also separate the four communication styles with one another. However, there are other factors that affect how these communication styles are utilized; people should consider them when communicating with other individuals.

People who employ the four communication styles can be categorized as follows:

  1. ANALYTICAL COMMUNICATOR

Analytical communicators focus on hard data and real number and do not trust very much people who do not pay attention to facts and data. Analytical communicators also use very specific language when communicating and demand for specifics in messages relayed to them. These people also tend to be impatient when it comes to communication that utilizes feelings and emotions.

One remarkable quality of analytical communicators is their fairness and being unemotional. Thus, they can look at things logically. In return, other people see them as experts in handling high levels of data and information.

Meanwhile, analytical communicators are also at disadvantage as some people may see them as cold or unfeeling. This is especially true when they are communicating with personal communicators.

  1. INTUITIVE COMMUNICATOR

Intuitive communicators focus on the big picture and have little regard for details. They are straightforward and prefers looking at overview of things. Intuitive communicators thus get bored with step-by-step and discussion and constantly want to jump right away to end point of things.

One remarkable quality of intuitive communicators is their quickness and straightforwardness. They do not get overwhelmed with big ideas and normally think outside the box.

However, intuitive communicators are not that patient, especially ins situations that require extreme attention to detail. As a result, intuitive communicators normally experience trouble with functional communicators.

  1. FUNCTIONAL COMMUNICATOR

Functional communicators especially focus on processes, details, timelines and plans. They relay messages in step-by-step manner and they do not neglect include all pertinent details. Functional communicators do not work well with people, such as intuitive communicators, who like skipping details.

One remarkable characteristic of functional communicators is their considerable attention to detail. Thus, they are of great help in teams as they can work efficiently with making plans and paying attention to details.

On the other hand, functional communicators tend to lose the attention of their audience because of their extreme focus on presenting details. Normally, they tend to bore intuitive communicators, who are constantly want to jump at the end stage of things.

  1. PERSONAL COMMUNICATOR

Personal communicators pay special attention to emotions and personal connections. They use such quality in realizing what others are thinking about them. Personal communicators are effective listeners and diplomats and handle resolving conflicts very well. This type of people place significant importance on their relationships.

Personal communicators can build strong and long-lasting relationships with others. These people work well in bringing individuals together. Personal communicators can also sense when something’s wrong with other people.

However, others may think of personal communicators as too emotional. This type of people experience trouble in working with analytical communicators and sometimes tend to become exasperated and emotionally upset.

In conclusion, understanding one’s communication style will help in better communicating with specific sets of audience. However, no matter what style a person uses, the main goal should be the effective relaying of messages to other parties.…

Power Of Provocative Communication

When people talk to each other, there are circumstances when one of the parties dislike what he is hearing from the other. However, though people say thing that we may not like, it is possible that their message contains something that we really need to hear out. The things that people dislike to hear from others may include negative things that are said about them. These criticisms may be delivered in a positive manner, but some people still find these things irritating. This type of reaction is proof of how a person resist one’s suggestion regarding changing his behavior in order to strengthen their relationship.

It is true that a number of people take action to change their selves. They may try to manifest good behavior and focus on the positive things, but they look the other way around when it comes to taking responsibility for their manners and hearing criticisms with an open mind.

Normally, when other people try to give feedback regarding his behavior, a person can come up with numerous reasons to justify that others are just trying to bring him down.

WHY PEOPLE CHOOSE SELF-HELP

Lots of people resort to self-help because normally, they have suffered enough from being criticized and berated by others or doing such thing themselves. Self-help then becomes a form of relief and makes a person feel good about himself again.

People tend to believe more in chakras and crystals more than going out into the world and making their own choices then try to blame it to their parents when things do not go well for them.

In some cases, people try to establish a business and suddenly find themselves getting overwhelmed with the pile of work that they must accomplish. Though they all have the tools to overcome their struggles, some still just give up and fail to take responsibility for their behavior. As a result, their problems only worsen; they try to take a breather using self-help guides and just leave their issues as they are.

However, what can truly help people are friends or reading materials that will not only tell them to be gentle and kind to themselves but to also avoid not taking responsibility for their the choices that they make.

ASKING PROVOCATIVE QUESTIONS

It will be very unusual for self-help gurus and coaches to ask provocative questions because their actual goals are to be liked and not to be considered as judgmental. Moreover, they avoid triggering pain and fear in others.

However, it is about time that people start facing and answering provocative questions. Answering such queries m ay help them discover something about themselves. They also learn to look inside them much deeper without resorting to crystal meditations or consulting their horoscope predictions.

What people must remember with provocative questions is that answering them is not about berating but being true to their selves.

For instance, when a person whines and complains, others do not point these flaws out of fear for hurting that person’s feelings or desire to provide support.

However, when people are asked about their own complaining and whining, they will most likely be offended. They may even refuse to recognize the fact that they whine and complain. As a result, they tend to claim that the person who pointed out their flaws shows no support for them.

On the other hand, if such people take time to reflect on themselves and realize that they do really complain and whine at times, then they are taking responsibility for their behavior. From this realization, they can think of ways on how to act better in other situations.…

Sexual Harassment

Theresa M. Beiner wrote the informative paper entitled, “Sexy Dressing Revisited: Does Target Dress Play A Part In Sexual Harassment Cases.” In certain parts of the article, Beiner discusses about popular views on provocative clothing and sexual harassment and rape. The paper points out how harassment is influenced by perceptions of passiveness and submissiveness. People will also learn that revealing attired is considered a sign of dominance and assertiveness, and that is why, individuals who prefer wearing provocative dresses are at lower risks of being victims of harassment.

Meanwhile, Beiner’s paper also discusses why people think that provocative dressing results in sexual harassment or rape. As people witnessed from various rape cases, jurors normally think that a woman’s attire is indicator of whether she will be sexually harassed or not. This belief resulted from research that focused on women’s attire. In one study, women thought that the provocatively dressed model is more likely to get sexually harassed. However, when men were asked, they thought that women who dressed nonprovocatively or conservatively are also at risk of being victimized. Thus, this research concluded that it is women who are more apt to think that provocative attire increases chances of sexual harassment or rape.

Though most people think that dress is a significant factor in sexual harassment or rape cases, studies on rapists suggest otherwise. In fact, results showed that rapists look for indicators of passiveness and submissiveness, qualities that normally accompany people who wear body-concealing clothes.

Another study attempted to determine whether men are capable of assessing the levels of passiveness and submissiveness of women. Results of the research indicated that men could identify women as passive and submissive or dominant and assertive based on nonverbal appearance cues. One of the indicators that men used are the women’s clothes. Highly passive and submissive women are more apt to wear body-concealing clothes, such as high neckline tops, long pants and sleeves, and multiple layers of clothes. This result implies that men associate body-concealing clothes with passiveness and submissiveness. Thus, in conclusion, rapists, who prefer passive and submissive women, are more apt to victimize women clad in body-concealing clothes.

Thus, based on various research conducted, rape victims tend to have low scores in dominance, assertiveness, and social presence. As such, even though people think that rape victims normally were provocative attire, appearing attractive to others is not correlated with having submissive characteristics. In fact, studies have shown that a negative relationship exists between perception of attractiveness and traits that are deemed as indicator of vulnerability.

Still, results of scientific research contradict common belief on women’s attire and their chances of getting sexually harassed or assaulted. Moreover, the bigger question is why do most people, especially women, actually think that clothes are significant factors leading to such cases. Social scientists theorize that such belief stems from the “just world hypothesis”

In the above mentioned hypothesis, people believe that everyone in the just world end up getting what they deserve. Thus, this tends to make people believe that rape victims deserve what has been done to them. In addition, this hypothesis assumes that responsibility for one’s behavior adds to people’s security and that they can avoid suffering from the same fate.

In case of sexual harassment, more women believe that the type of dress has something to do with being sexually harassed. Victims tend to get blamed for their fate, which possibly resulted from wearing provocative clothing.

The “just world hypothesis” is somewhat related to “harm avoidance” theory. In this theory, women put the blame on the victims in order to control their lives and to continue believing that nothing bad, such as sexual harassment, will happen to them. And given that they associate provocative clothing with increased chances of being sexually harassed, they tend to wear more conservative dresses.…

Passive Aggressive Vs Assertive Communication

Ineffective communication may cause conflict among people, whereas poor communication strategies can only worsen such conflicts. Thus, people should employ effective communication strategies to successfully communicate with one another and to avoid causing conflict.

One effective means for selecting an effective communication strategy is using the communication continuum. This continuum presents passive to aggressive strategies from left to right. Passive interests are normally used when communication is aimed at protecting the interests of other people over one’s own. On the other hand, aggressive strategies are used when communicating while protecting one’s interests over that of others.

Meanwhile, in between passive and aggressive strategies lie assertive communication strategies. Such strategies aim to protect the interests of all the parties involved in communication.

Assertive communication strategies comprise various techniques that can be found on the communication continuum. Some tend to be more passive, whereas others are more aggressive. Still, no matter which of these techniques are used, the main goal is protection of interests of all parties. Under certain circumstances, people may resort to using more passive or more aggressive strategies.

To communicate assertively with others, people can try the following;

  1. USING “I” STATEMENTS

People should try presenting ideas based on their perspective and without passing the blame to the other party. Instead of saying that a person made them up set, people should just say “I was upset.”

  1. PAY ATTENTION TO MANIFESTED BEHAVIORS

Some people may be tempted to call other people as rude or sensitive. However, they should avoid this undesirable habit and just comment on another person’s behavior without labeling them.

  1. REPLY CONCISELY

People will tend to use more passive or aggressive techniques if they talk for prolonged periods of time.

  1. BE AWARE OF THE TONE VOICE AND NONVERBAL SIGNALS

Though the right words may be used in a conversation, people should still pay attention to the tone of their voice and nonverbal signals.

  1. LISTEN TO THE OTHER PARTY

People should be attentive to what others are saying to avoid being aggressive in the end.

  1. MAINTAIN PROPER EYE CONTACT

Some people may be thought of as dishonest when they do not maintain proper eye contact during conversations. However, when people use too much eye contact, they may present an aggressive impression. Normally, people should maintain eye contact and take a few seconds to break away their gaze.

What Do Life Coaches Do

People make resolutions every New Year. Though it is not really prohibited to set up goals any time of the year, most prefer find extra motivations when their resolutions are made as a new year transpires. Professionals who help people achieve their goals are called life coaches. Basically, life coaches provide their client assistance regarding the goals that they want to achieve. These goals may include changing careers or physical health goals, such as losing weight.

However, the job of life coaches is not that simple. Life coaches focus more on the process that people employ toward realizing their goals. This include realizing people’s potential and helping them turn into the person that they want to be.

JOB DESCRIPTION OF LIFE COACHES

Life coaches are also called executive coach or enrichment specialist. These people basically work on the needs of their client. The fulfill their jobs by meeting with their clients and discussing their life visions. Then, both life coaches and clients will determine if they can work together.

Upon collaboration, life coaches will work with clients in identifying their goals and formulating plans to achieve such goals. For example, when a client wants to increase business profits, then they may need to make some important changes in their businesses. In this case, the life coach will aid the client in recognizing his accountability should he decide to pursue of making changes in his company.

Likewise, life coaches accompany their clients after achieving certain milestones in their goals. Life coaches also continue to motivate their clients until the time when all their objectives have been fulfilled. Motivation is very important especially when clients are feeling down regarding their progress.

Life coaches work with clients for several months to years. Coaching sessions may last from 30 to 90 minutes. From to time, life coaches may also check in with their clients. Meeting with clients can be done personally, through phone, or online video calls.

BECOMING A LIFE COACH

People must first possess or develop certain characteristics before they can become life coaches. Some of these traits include patience, empathy, kindness, and strong leadership, organization, and communication skills. Moreover, life coaches should have superior decision-making and problem solving skill. On the other hand, creativity also greatly benefits life coaches in their jobs.

Credentials and training are very important in becoming a life coach as these things are something that their clients may want to look at before they are hired. People who want to be life coaches may take up related courses in colleges or universities or acquire life coach training and certification programs.

Meanwhile, credentialing organizations, including the International Coach Federation, are known for evaluating programs of life coaching.

On the other hand, some life coaches prefer to work on their own. Thus, they must learn to run a small business and take up related courses, such accounting, entrepreneurship and marketing.

Life coaches may also improve themselves through seminars and working with mentor coaches. These practices enable them to collaborate with other coaches and learn things that can help them in further establishing their careers.

Knowing something about psychology is also a plus for life coaches, whereas other job experiences, such as management, may contribute in fulfilling their jobs. However, people should remember that experience is not necessarily a requirement in becoming a life coach.

WHAT PEOPLE SHOULD EXPECT WHEN THEY BECOME LIFE COACHES

Being a life coach can be a fulfilling job especially when people succeed in helping their clients achieve their goals. However, it is not inevitable that the job can be stressing.

There are no available statistics on specific number of life coaches as they are categorized with rehabilitation, educational guidance, school and vocational counselors and personal care and service workers. Life coaches may also be hired by residential care or treatment facilities or when they are self-employed, serve as consultants for businesses.

In 2015, 17,500 individuals worked as coach practitioners in North America, average annual income of around $61,000.

Meanwhile, though life coaches may work full-time or are self-employed, some people only do the job on part-time basis.

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